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Every country has its own standards for testing any product that has been manufactured. Also it is the responsibility of the manufacturer to ensure that their product matches the relevant standard before it is released in the market. The toys and kids products are tested to ensure that they remain safe and non-toxic all over the globe.
Child safety is of prior concern to parents while purchasing toys and games for their children. Pre-teens in the age group of 7 to 12 years largely forms the group of customers of Indian toy industry . With constantly changing demographic situation, parents are spending more on qualitative premium products while purchasing toys and games.
It is on the part of the manufacturer to analyse the risk of injury and chemicals from a toy. Certification of your toys ensures that the product is safe, non-toxic and risk-free for children.
In Sigma Test & Research Center, we test toys as per the new standards :
IS 9873 : SAFETY OF TOYS
IS 9873 Part 1: Mechanical & Physical Properties of Toys
We test the toys for their structural characteristics such as shape, size, contour and spacing. It basically looks for sharp edges, pointed ends and choking hazards as they could be risky for the child using these products.
- IS 9873 Part 2: Flammability of Toys
This section determines the flammability of toys worn by kids such as beards, moustache, wigs, costumes dressed up, soft toys and face masks. This is the reason why flammable materials are prohibited in these toys. Toys are tested for rate of spread of a flame to allow the child to drop the toy or maintain a distance from it in case of accidental fire to avoid serious injuries.
- IS 9873 Part 3: Migration of Certain Elements
Under this section, the toy and its parts are analyzed for heavy metals such as antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury and selenium. These metals are carcinogenic in nature and causes poisoning. Some heavy metals are highly corrosive in nature and can cause reaction when exposed to skin surface.
- IS 9873 Part 4: Swings, Slides and Similar Activity Toys
This includes testing of products that are intended to bear the mass of one or more children less than 14 years of age. Toy products covered under this include swings, slides, seesaws, rocking toys, carousels, fully enclosed toddler swing seats, climbing frames etc.
- IS 9873 Part 7: Tests for Finger Paints
This part is concerned with the safety of finger paints as they can cause irritation on skin and toxicity on ingestion. It does not apply to the paints applied on the face or body e.g. face paints.
- IS 9873 Part 9: Phthalate Esters in Toys
This section specifies maximum acceptable level of phthalate esters in toys and child products. Pthalates are used as plasticizers or softening agents in the manufacture of soft vinyl, which is further used in toys. The amount of phthalates leaching out of soft vinyl is absorbed in the body and can be harmful. Phthalates have the potential to cause adverse effects on the reproductive system and development of the child.
Electronic toys when used improperly or designed badly can turn fun into a serious hazard. Addition of electricity, battery or main supply pose a number of threats to children such as electric shock and burns in case of products having a heating element.
Most of these limit potential hazards, such as choking or fire hazards that could cause injury. Children of less than three years, often put toys into their mouths, so the materials used to make a toy should be regulated to prevent poisoning as well as fire hazards. We make sure that no threat is left to the safety of a child while playing with their toys.
Kids are unaware of the safety and danger related to toys, and parents do not think of all the possible situations, so such warnings and regulations are crucial.